The ABCs of Myofunctional Therapy: An Essential Guide

When it comes to oral health and overall well-being, proper tongue posture and function play a vital role. Myofunctional therapy, or orofacial myofunctional therapy (OMT), is a discipline aimed at addressing dysfunctional oral habits and improving overall oral function. In this comprehensive guide, we will dive into the ABCs of myofunctional therapy, exploring its key principles, benefits and the process involved.

Understanding Myofunctional Therapy

Myofunctional therapy is an exercise-based treatment approach that focuses on the muscles of the face, mouth and throat. It aims to correct improper tongue posture, swallowing, breathing and chewing patterns, which can lead to various dental and medical issues. By addressing these underlying factors, myofunctional therapy not only improves oral function, but also helps to alleviate symptoms associated with sleep disorders, speech disorders, temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJD/TMD), and facial growth and development concerns.

The Benefits of Myofunctional Therapy

Understanding the numerous benefits of myofunctional therapy can help individuals and health care professionals appreciate its importance. Some notable advantages include:

  • Improved breathing: Myofunctional therapy helps individuals transition from improper mouth breathing to efficient nasal breathing. This can lead to better oxygenation of the body, improved sleep quality and enhanced overall health.
  • Enhanced facial appearance: Correcting oral habits and tongue posture can positively impact facial muscle tone and skeletal development, resulting in a more balanced and aesthetically pleasing appearance.
  • Reduced dental issues: Myofunctional therapy addresses common dental problems such as improper tooth alignment, open bites and crowded teeth. By improving muscular balance and function, it can assist in the prevention and correction of these issues.
  • Speech improvement: Many speech difficulties stem from improper tongue placement and muscle weakness. Myofunctional therapy can enhance speech clarity and articulation, helping individuals communicate more effectively.
  • Optimized swallowing patterns: Correcting swallowing abnormalities can prevent potential complications, such as aspiration, choking, swallowing discomfort and acid reflux.

The Myofunctional Therapy Process

When you start the process of myofunctional therapy, you can typically expect the following steps:

1. Evaluation:

An initial evaluation is conducted by a certified myofunctional therapist who will assess your oral habits, muscle function and airway adequacy. Various diagnostic tools may be employed, such as tongue posture assessment, swallowing analysis and airway measurements.

2. Individualized Treatment Plan:

Following the evaluation, a personalized treatment plan is developed. This plan includes specific exercises and techniques tailored to address your unique needs, including tongue exercises, breathing exercises and swallowing reeducation.

3. Regular Therapy Sessions:

Ongoing therapy sessions can help guide you through your treatment plan. These sessions can be conducted in person or remotely and consist of supervised exercises, education and progress monitoring.

4. Home Practice:

Consistency is key to the success of myofunctional therapy. You will likely be assigned daily exercises and encouraged to practice at home to reinforce progress made during therapy sessions.

5. Progress Evaluation:

Periodic evaluations will be conducted to assess your progress and make any necessary adjustments to the treatment plan. As you develop new habits and achieve your therapy goals, you may transition to a maintenance phase with less frequent follow-ups.


Myofunctional therapy offers a holistic and non-invasive approach to address various oral and overall health concerns. By addressing improper oral habits and improving muscular function, you can experience a range of benefits, from improved breathing and facial appearance to reduced dental issues and enhanced speech. With a well structured treatment plan and the guidance of a certified myofunctional therapist, you can navigate your way to optimal oral health and improved quality of life.